This seminar participates in the current reassessment of relations between aesthetic modernism and popular culture. The rise of “New Modernist studies” over the past twenty years, with its expansive historical orientation and interest in modernism’s original cultural contexts, has led to a serious re-examination of the nature and extent of modernism’s relations with and responses to the popular. Questioning both new critical views of modernism as a mode of radical formal experimentation detached from and superior to the crass productions of popular culture and postmodern views of modernism as a mode of neurotic fear and disgust in response to the feminized and feminizing productions of popular culture, this seminar studies works of popular culture produced during the modernist moment of the early twentieth century that innovate upon the popular conventions they also employ. We will consider works by H.G. Wells, Dorothy Parker, Anita Loos, Louis Armstrong, Dashiell Hammett, the Marx Brothers, George Herriman, and Orson Wells. Short paper, oral presentation, annotated bibliography, and research paper.